Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) may be the oldest medical specialty in america. Otolaryngologists are physicians trained within the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders from the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures of your head and neck. These are commonly referred to as ENT physicians.
Otolaryngologists diagnose and manage diseases of the ears, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth, and throat, in addition to structures of your neck and face.
Hearing loss affects one out of ten North Americans. The unique domain of otolaryngologists is the management of ear disorders. They are trained in the medical and surgical procedures of hearing loss, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), and several cranial nerve disorders. Otolaryngologists also manage congenital (birth) disorders in the outer and inner ear.
About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis every year, so that it is one of the most common health complaints in the united states. Proper care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is among the primary skills of los angeles otolaryngologist. Problems in the nasal area include allergies, smell disorders, polyps, and nasal obstruction due to a deviated septum.
Communicating (speech and singing) and eating a meal all involve this vital area. Specific to otolaryngologists is expertise in managing diseases in the throat, larynx (voice box), and the upper aero-intestinal tract or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.
The head and neck?
This area of the body includes the important functions of sight, smell, hearing, and the look of your face. In the head and neck area, otolaryngologists are qualified to treat infections, benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors, facial trauma, and deformities of the face. They perform both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery.
Otolaryngologists are ready to start practicing after completing around 15 years of college and post-graduate training. To be entitled to certification by the American Board of Otolaryngology, an applicant must first complete college (4 years), medical school (four years), and also at least five-years of specialty training. Next, the doctor must pass the American Board of Otolaryngology examination. Moreover, some otolaryngologists pursue a 1- or two- year fellowship for more extensive training in one of eight subspecialty areas.
These subspecialty areas are allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), pediatric otolaryngology (children), rhinology (nose), and sleep disorders. Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one of these brilliant eight areas.
What are the seven regions of expertise in the area of otolaryngology?
Allergy: treatment by medication, immunotherapy (allergy shots) or avoidance of pollen, dust, mold, food, and also other sensitivities which affect the ear, nose, and throat.
Treating: hay fever, seasonal and perennial rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, laryngitis, sore throat, otitis media, dizziness
Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive surgical procedures of abnormalities of your face and neck and ear.
Treating: deviated septum, rhinoplasty (nose), facelift, cleft palate, drooping eyelids, hairloss as well as other ear deformities.
Head and Neck: cancerous and noncancerous tumors inside the head and neck (nose/sinuses, mouth, throat, voice box and upper esophagus), for example the thyroid and parathyroid.
Treating: lump inside the neck or thyroid, cancer in the voice box.
Laryngology: disorders of your throat, including voice and swallowing problems.
Treating: sore throat, hoarseness, swallowing disorder, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), infections and tumors.
Otology/Neurotology: diseases in the ear, including trauma (injury), infection, benign tumors, and nerve pathway disorders, which affect hearing and balance.
Treating: ear infection; swimmer?s ear; loss of hearing; ear, face, or neck pain; dizziness, ringing inside the ears (tinnitus).
Pediatric Otolaryngology: diseases in kids with special ENT problems including birth defects in the head and neck and developmental delays.
Treating: ear infection (otitis media), tonsil and adenoid infection, airway problems, asthma and allergy/sinus disease, neck tumors.
Rhinology: disorders in the nose and sinuses.
Treating: sinus disorder, nose bleed, stuffy nose, lack of smell, polyps, tumors.
These specialists differ from many physicians in they are trained in medicine and surgery. Otolaryngologists do not need to refer patients to other physicians when ear, nose, throat, or head/neck surgical procedures are needed and, therefore, can provide the best take care of every individual patient. Otolaryngologists are the most appropriate physicians to deal with disorders from the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck.